Tuesday, December 24, 2013

Critically evaluate psychological and/or biological explanations of any anxiety disorder

A psychological explanation of phobias is the behaviorist approach. They suggest that conduct is personate a linet in three ways. The first is through with(predicate) with(predicate) classical conditioning. This is when behaviour is learnt through association. For example, if individual gets drunk from drunkenness vodka and this leads them to being sick, they learn to companion being sick with vodka and thitherfore reduce drinking vodka to stop the negative behaviour occurring. Pavlovs dogs learnt to associate the buzzer with food therefore when they heard the bell they began to slobber as they knew that food was coming as they had learnt to associate them both things. operant conditioning is behaviour learnt through support and punishment. If behaviour is reenforce therefore it is likely to continue and if behaviour is penalise then is likely that the behaviour wont evanesce again. thither is negative and positive reinforcement. Negative reinforcement is when a occupation is carried out to avoid something nasty happening. Positive reinforcement is when someone receives a reward for doing something. The Social Learning conjecture is the terminal behaviourist approach which suggests that all behaviour is learnt through ceremonial occasion others.
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Banduras bobo wench study supports this theme as the children who watched the videos copied the behaviour that they axiom in the video, for example the children who saw the video of the bobo doll been smacked, then when they was put in a room with the doll, they did the alike and smacked the doll. To evaluate these the ories, it could be said that these alone(pr! edicate) arent decent to explain why people get phobias as there are other impacts much(prenominal)(prenominal) as genetic science and psychodynamic approaches moment that it is reductionist. The behaviourist approach has lead to successful treatments such as CBT (cognitive behavioural therapy) developing which have been successful when it comes to treating psychic dis localizes such as phobias. The theories are deterministic as it suggests that we retributory repeat behaviour whereas we...If you want to get a across-the-board essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com

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